Scenario Planning Institute

Here is a bibilography of published scenairo plannig articles current as of January 2011. Members can access pdf files of all of these articles and more by logging in.  The online scenario research library is growing, and is the only current comprehensive reservoir of scenario planning research, theory and practice. 

Adam, H., & Moodley, K. (1993). Forecasting scenarios for South Africa. Futures, 25(4), 404-413.

Aligica, P. D. (2005). Scenarios and the growth of knowledge: Notes on the epistemic element in scenario building. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 72(7), 815-824.

Al-Saleh, Y. (2009). Renewable energy scenarios for major oil-producing nations: The case of Saudi Arabia. Futures, 41(9), 650-662.

Atherton, A. (2005). A future for small business? Prospective scenarios for the development of the economy based on current policy thinking and counterfactual reasoning. Futures, 37(8), 777-794.

Banister, D., Dreborg, K., Hedberg, L, Hunhammar, S., Steen, P. & Akerman, J. (2000). Transport policy scenarios for the EU: 2020 images of the future. Innovation, 13(1), 27-45.

Banuls, V.A., & Salmeron, J.L. (2007). A scenario-based assessment model—SBAM. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 74(6), 750-762.

Barbanente, A., Khakee, A., & Puglisi, M. (2002). Scenario building for metropolitan Tunis. Futures, 34(7), 583-596.

Barker, T., Kohler, J., & Villena, M. (2002). Costs of greenhouse gas abatement: meta-analysis of post-SRES mitigation scenarios. Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 5(2), 135-166.

Bartholomew, K. & Ewing R. (2009). Land use—Transportation scenarios and future vehicle travel and land consumption: A meta-analysis. Journal of the American Planning Association, 75(1), 13-27.

Barton, L. (1991). The use of scenario-based planning for management executives. Industrial Management, 33(6), 8-11.

Becker, H.S. (1983). Scenarios: A tool of growing importance to policy analysts in government and industry. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 23(2), 95-120.

Becker, H.S. (1987). Scenarios in an organizational perspective. Futures, 19(6), 669-677.

Begum, M.A.A., Manos, B., & Manikas, I. (2007). Implementation of fertilizer policy in Bangladesh under alternative scenarios: An application of multicriteria analysis modeling. Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research, 24(6), 765-787.

Berghof, R. (2005). The impact of constrained future scenarios of aviation and emissions. Journal of Air Transportation, 10(2), 69-82.

Bijl, R. (1992). Delphi in a future scenario study on mental health and mental health care. Futures, 24(3), 232-250.

Blanning, R.W., & Reinig, B.A. (2002). Multiperiod scenario development using group support systems: An application to the future of Hong Kong. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 12(2), 105-119.

Boaventura, J.M.G., & Fischmann, A.A. (2008). Is your vision consistent? A method for checking, based on scenario concepts. Futures, 40(7), 597-612.

Booth, C., Rowlinson, M., Clark, P., Delahaye, A. & Proctor, S. (2009). Scenarios and counterfactuals as model narratives. Futures, 41(2), 87-95.

Borjeson, L., Hojer, M., Dreborg, K., Ekvall, T., Finnveden, G. (2006). Scenario types and techniques: Towards a user’s guide. Futures, 38(7), 723-739.

Boschetti, F., & Brede, M. (2009). An information-based adaptive strategy for resource exploitation in competitive scenarios. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 76(4), 525-532.

Bradfield, R.M. (2008). Cognitive barriers in the scenario development process. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 10(2), 198-215.

Bradfield, R., Wright, G., Burt, G., Cairns, G., van der Heijden, K. (2005). The origins and evolution of scenario techniques in long range business planning. Futures, 37(8), 795-812.

Bruun, H., Hukkinen, J., & Eklund, E. (2002). Scenarios for coping with contingency: The case of aquaculture in the Finnish Archipelago Sea. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 69(2), 107-127.

Brunnhuber, S., Fink, A., & Kuhle, J. (2005). The financial system matters: future perspectives and scenarios for a sustainable future. Futures, 37(4), 317-332.

Bryant, B.P., & Lempert, R. J. (2010). Thinking inside the box: A participatory, computer-assisted approach to scenario discovery. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 77(1), 34-49.

Burinskiene, M. & Rudzkiene, V. (2009). Future insights, scenarios and expert method application in sustainable territorial planning. Baltic Journal on Sustainability, 15(1), 10-25.

Burt, G. (2007). Why are we surprised at surprises? Integrating disruption theory and system analysis with the scenario methodology to help identify disruptions and discontinuities. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 74(6), 731-749.

Burt, G. & Chermack, T.J. (2008). Learning with scenarios: Summary and critical issues. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 10(2), 285-295.

Burt, G. & van der Heijden, K. (2003). First steps: towards purposeful activities in scenario thinking and future studies. Futures, 35(10), 1011-1026.

Burt, G., Wright, G., Bradfield, R., Cairns, G., & van der Heijden, K. (2006). The role of scenario planning in exploring the environment in view of the limitations of PEST and its derivatives. International Studies of Management & Organizations, 36(3), 50-76.

Cairns, G., Wright, G., Bradfield, R., van der Heijden, K., & Burt, G. (2004). Exploring e-government futures through the application of scenario planning. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 71(3), 217-238.

Cairns, G., Wright, G., van der Heijden, K., Bradfield, R., & Burt, G. (2006). Enhancing foresight between multiple agencies: Issues in the use of scenario thinking to overcome fragmentation. Futures, 38(8), 1010-1025.

Callanan, G.A., & Perri, D.F. (2006). Teaching conflict management using a scenario-based approach. Journal of Education for Business,81(3), 131-139.

Carpenter, P.A., & Bishop, P.C. (2009). The seventh mass extinction: Human-caused events contribute to a fatal consequence. Futures, 41(10), 715-722.

Chen, K., Jarboe, K., & Wolfe, J. (1981). Long-range scenario construction for technology assessment. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 20(1), 27-40.

Chermack, T.J. (2004). The opportunities for HRD in scenario planning. Human Resource Development International, 7(1), 117-121.

Chermack, T.J. (2004). A Theoretical Model of Scenario Planning. Human Resource Development Review, 3(4), 301 - 325.

Chermack, T.J. (2004). Improving decision-making with scenario planning. Futures, 36(3), 295-309.

Chermack, T.J. (2005). Studying scenario planning: Theory, research suggestions, and hypotheses. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 72(1), 59-73.

Chermack, T.J. (2006). Assessing the quality of scenarios in scenario planning. Futures Research Quarterly, 22(4), 23-35.

Chermack, T.J. (2007). Disciplined imagination: Building scenarios and building theories. Futures, 39(1), 1-15.

Chermack, T.J., & Lynham, S.A. (2002). Definitions and outcome variables of scenario planning. Human Resource Development Review, 1(3), 366 - 383.

Chermack, T.J. & Lynham, S.A. (2004) Scenario planning in critical science research. Futures Research Quarterly, 20(2), 41-60.

Chermack, T.J., Lynham, S.A., & van der Merwe, L. (2006). Exploring the relationship between scenario planning and perceptions of learning organization characteristics. Futures, 38(7), 767-777.

Chermack, T.J. & Nimon, K. (2008). The effects of scenario planning on participant decision-making style. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 19(4), 351-372.

Chermack, T.J., & van der Merwe, L. (2003). The role of constructivist learning in scenario planning. Futures, 35(5), 445-460.

Chermack, T.J., van der Merwe, L, & Lynham, S.A. (2007). Exploring the relationship between scenario planning and perceptions of strategic conversation quality. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 74(3), 379-390.

Chermack, T.J. & Swanson, R.A. (2008). Scenario planning: Human resource development's strategic learning tool. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 10(2), 129-146.

Chhetri, P., Stimson, R., Cooper, J., Corcoran, J., Bell, M., & Pullar, D. (2007). Subjectively weighted development scenarios for urban allocation: A case study of South East Queensland. Transactions in GIS, 11(4), 597-619.

Coates, J.F. (2000). Scenario planning. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 65(1), 115-123.

Cole, S., & Chichilnisky, G. (1978). Modelling with scenarios Technology in north-south development. Futures, 10(4), 303-321.

Cole, S., Gershuny, J., & Miles, I. (1978). Scenarios of world development. Futures, 10(1), 3-20.

Cornelius, P., Van de Putte, A., & Romani, M. (2005). Three decades of scenario planning in Shell. California Management Review, 48(1), 92-109.

Coyle, R.G., & McGlone, G.R. (1995). Projecting scenarios for south-east Asia and the south-west Pacific. Futures, 27(1), 65-79.

Coyle, R.G. & Yong, Y.C. (1996). A scenario projection for the South China Sea: Further experience with field anomaly relaxation. Futures, 28(3), 269-283.

d’A Hill, P.A. (1994). The relevance of business scenarios for Africa. Futures, 26(9), 980-986.

Devezas, T., LePoire, D., Matias, J.C.O., & Silva, A.M.P. (2008). Energy scenarios: Toward a new energy paradigm. Futures, 40(1), 1-16.

De Jouvenel, H. (2000). A brief methodological guide to scenario building. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 65(1), 37-48.

de Vos, C.J., Saatkamp, H.W., Nielsen, M., & Huirne, R.B.M. (2006). Sensitivity analysis to evaluate the impact of uncertain factors in a scenario tree model for classical swine fever introduction. Risk Analysis, 26(5), 1311-1322.

de Vries, B., Bollen, J., Bouwman, L., den Elzen, M., Janssen, M., & Kreileman, E. (2000). Greenhouse gas emissions in an equity-environment and service-oriented world: An IMAGE-based scenario for the 21st century. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 63(2-3), 137-174.

Diffenbach, J. (1981). A compatibility approach to scenario evaluation. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 19(2), 161-174.

Dortmans, P. J., & Eiffe, E. (2004). An examination of futures scenarios using historical analogy. Futures, 36(10), 1049-1062.

Ducot, C. (1980). Futures research scenarios and time succession. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 17(1), 51-59.

Duperrin, J.C., & Godet, M. (1975). SMIC 74—A method for constructing and ranking scenarios. Futures, 7(4), 302-312.

Durand, J. (1972). A new method for constructing scenarios. Futures, 4(4), 325-330.

Dutta, R.K., & Mohapatra, P.K.J. (1988). Technological upgrading and energy demand scenarios for Indian railways—A system dynamics study. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 34(2), 145-178.

Enserink, B. (2000). Building scenarios for the University. International Transactions in Operational Research, 7(6), 569-583.

Faber, A., Idenburg, A.M., & Wilting, H.C. (2007). Exploring techno-economic scenarios in an input-output model. Futures, 39(1), 16-37.

Fahey, L., (2000). Scenario learning. Management Review, 89(3), 29-34.

Foa, R., & Howard, M. (2006). Use of Monte Carlo simulation for the public sector. International Journal of Market Research, 48(1), 27-48.

Fujino, J., Nair, R., Kainuma, M., Masui, T., & Matsuoka, Y. (2006). Multi-gas mitigation analysis on stabilization scenarios using aim global model. The Energy Journal, Special Issue, 343-353.

Garland, E. (2006). Scenarios in practice. The Futurist, January-February, 2006, 30- .

Gausemeier, J., Fink, A., & Schlake, O. (1998). Scenario Management: An approach to develop future potentials. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 59(2), 111-130.

Geldermann, J., Schollenberger, H., Rentz, O., Huppes, G., van Oers, L., France, C., Nebel, B., Clift, R., Lipkova, A., Saetta, S., Desideri, U., & May, T. (2007). An integrated scenario analysis for the metal coating sector in Europe. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 74(8), 1482-1507.

Glenn, J., & Gordon, T.J. (2004). Future S&T management policy issues---2025 global scenarios. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 71(9), 913-940.

Godet, M. (1976). Scenarios of air transport development to 1990 by SMIC 74--A new cross-impact model Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 9(3), 279-288.

Godet, M. (1986). Introduction to la propsective: Seven key ideas and one scenario method. Futures, 18(2), 134-157.

Godet, M. (1990). Integration of scenarios and strategic management: Using relevant, consistent and likely scenarios. Futures, 22(7), 730-739.

Godet, M. (2000). The art of scenarios and strategic planning: Tools and pitfalls. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 65(1), 3-22.

Goodwin, P. & Wright, G. (2001). Enhancing strategy evaluation in scenario planning: A role for decision analysis. Journal of Management Studies, 38(1), 1-16.

Goux-Baudiment, F. (2009). Tomorrow will die. Futures, 41(10), 746-753.

Gray, P., & Hovav, A.Z. (2007). The IS organization of the future: four scenarios for 2020. Information Systems Management, 24(2), 113-120.

Grossmann, I. (2006). Three scenarios for the greater Hamburg region. Futures, 38(1), 31-49.

Grossmann, I. (2007). Critical and strategic factors for scenario development and discontinuity tracing. Futures, 39(7), 878-894.

Grubler, A., O’Neill, B., Riahi, K., Chirkov, V., Gougon, A., Polp, P., Prommer, I., Scherbov, S., & Slentoe, E. (2007). Regional, national, and spatially explicit scenarios of demographic and economic change based on SRES. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 74(7), 980-1029.

Habana, P.I. (1993). Building scenarios for education in South-east Asia. Futures, 25(9), 975-988.

Hall, P. (1986). Scenarios for Europe’s cities. Futures, 18(1), 2-8.

Hansen, J. W. (2006). Training design: Scenarios of the future. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 8(4), 492-499.

Harrald, J. R & Mazzuchi, T. (1993). Planning for success: A scenario-based approach to contingency planning using expert judgment. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 1(4), 189-198.

Harries, C. (2003). Correspondence to what? Coherence to what? What is good scenario-based decision making? Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 70(8), 797-817.

Heemskerk, M. (2003). Scenarios in anthropology: reflections on possible futures of the Suriname Maroons. Futures, 35(9), 931-949.

Heugens, P., & van Oosterhout, J. (2001). To boldly go where no man has gone before: integrating cognitive and physical features in scenario studies. Futures 33(10), 861-872.

Hubacek, K., Guan, D., & Barua, A. (2007). Changing lifestyles and consumption patterns in developing countries: A scenario analysis for China and India. Futures, 39(9), 1084-1096.

Hupkes, G. (1973). The future of the motorcar: Alternative scenarios. Futures, 5(5), 457-468.

Huss, W.R., & Honton, E.J. (1987). Alternative methods for developing business scenarios. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 31(3), 219-238.

Ishikawa, M., Toda, M., Mori, S., & Kaya, Y. (1980). An application of the extended cross impact method to generating scenarios of social change in Japan. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 18(3), 217-233.

Jarke, M. (1999). Scenarios for modeling. Communications of the ACM, 42(1), 47-48.

Jenkins, L. (1997). Selecting a variety of futures for scenario development. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 55(1), 15-20.

Jenson, R.E. (1981). Secnario probability scaling: an eigenvector analysis of elicited scenario odds ratios. Futures, 13(6), 489-497.

Jiang, K., & Hu, X. (2006). Energy demand and emissions in 2030 in China: scenarios and policy options. Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 7(3), 233-250.

Jonas, W., (2001). A scenario for design. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Design Issues, 17(2), 64-80.

Kapur, A. (2005). The future of the red metal—scenario analysis. Futures, 37(10), 1067-1094.

Keough, S.M. & Shanahan, K.J. (2008) Scenario planning: Toward a more complete model for practice. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 10(2), 166-178.

Kirkwood, C.W., & Pollock, S.W. (1982). Methodology: Multiple attribute scenarios, bounded probabilities, and threats of nuclear theft. Futures, 14(6), 545-553.

Kloss, L.L. (1999). The suitability and application of scenario planning for national professional associations. Nonprofit Management & Leadership, 10(1), 71-83.

Kobos, P.H., Erickson, J.D., & Drennen, T.E. (2003). Scenario analysis of Chinese passenger vehicle growth. Contemporary Economic Policy, 21(2), 200-217.

Kok, K., Patel, M., Rothman, D., & Quaranta, G. (2006). Multi-scale narratives from an IA perspective: Part II. Participatory local scenario development. Futures, 38(3), 285-311.

Kok, K., Rothman, D.S., & Patel, M. (2006). Multi-scale narratives from an IA perspective: Part I. European and Mediterranean scenario development. Futures, 38(3), 261-284.

Korte, R.F. (2008). Applying scenario planning across multiple levels of analysis. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 10(2), 179-197.

Korte, R.F., & Chermack, T.J. (2007). Changing organizational culture with scenario planning. Futures, 39(6), 645-656.

Krause, P.H. (2002). The PROTEUS project: Scenario-based planning in a unique organization. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 69(5), 479-484.

Kuhlmann, S., & Edler, J. (2003). Scenarios of technology and innovation policies in Europe: Investigating future governance. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 70(7), 619-637.

Lankton, N.K. & St. Louis R.D. (2005). Using paper-based scenarios to examine perceptions of interactive health communication systems. Communication of the Association for Information Systems, 205(16), 687-704.

Larsen, K. & Gunnarsson-Ostling, U. (2009). Climate change scenarios and citizen-participation: Mitigation and adaptation perspectives in constructing sustainable futures. Habitat International, 33(3), 260-266.

Lejour, A. (2003). Globalization and the global environment: four quantitative scenarios. Transportation Planning and Technology, 26(1), 9-40.

Lempert, R.J., Groves, D.G., Popper, S.W., & Bankes, S.C. (2006). A general, analytic method for generating robust strategies and narrative scenarios. Management Science, 52(4), 514-528.

Linneman, R.E., & Klein, H.E. (1985). Using scenarios is strategic decision making. Business Horizons, 28(1), 64-74.

Listes, O., & Dekker, R. (2005). A scenario aggregation-based approach for determining a robust airline fleet composition for dynamic capacity allocation. Transportation Science, 39(3), 367-382.

Lopes, T., Chermack, T.J., Demers, D., Kari, M., Casshanna, B., & Payne, T. (2009). Human extinction scenario frameworks. Futures, 41(10), 731-737.

MacNulty, C.A.R. (1977). Scenario development for corporate planning. Futures, 9(2), 128-138.

Marchais-Roubelat, A., & Roubelat, F. (2008). Designing action based scenarios. Futures, 40(1), 25-33.

Masini, E.B., & Vasquez, J.M. (2000). Scenarios as seen from a human and social perspective. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 65(1), 49-66.

McLean, G.N. & Egan, T.M. (2008). Applying organization development tools in scenario planning. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 10(2), 240-257.

McWhorter, R.R., Lynham, S.A. & Porter, D.E. (2008).Scenario planning as developing leadership capability and capacity. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 10(2), 258–284.

Miller, R. (2007). Futures literacy: A hybrid strategic scenario method. Futures, 39(4), 341-362.

Millett, S.M., & Randles, F. (1986). Scenarios for strategic business planning: A case history for aerospace and defense companies. Interfaces, 16(6), 64-72.

Mills, R.W., Weinstein, B., Favato, G., (2006). Using scenario thinking to make real options relevant to managers: a case illustration. Journal of General Management, 31(3), 49-74.

Mitchell, R.B., Tydeman, J., & Georgiades, J. (1979). Structuring the future—Application of a scenario-generation procedure. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 14(4), 409-428.

Mobasheri, F., Orren, L.H., & Sioshansi, F.P. (1989). Scenario planning at Southern California Edison. Interfaces, 19(5), 31-44.

Moats, J.B., Chermack, T.J., & Dooley, L.M. (2008). Using scenarios to develop crisis managers: Applications of scenario planning and scenario-based training. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 10(3), 397-424.

Moora, H., & Lahtvee, V. (2009). Electricity scenarios for the Baltic states and marginal energy technology in life cycle assessments—A case study of energy production from municipal waste incineration. Oil Shale, 26(3), 331-346.

Morgan, D.R. (2009). World on fire: two scenarios of the destruction of human civilization and possible extinction of the human race. Futures, 41(10), 683-693.

Mori, S. (2006). Role of integrated assessment and scenario development issues beyond SRES. Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 7(3), 315-330.

Muneer, S. & Sharma, C. (2008). Enterprise mobile product strategy using scenario planning. Information Knowledge Systems Management, 7(1-2), 211-224.

Nakamae, T. (1998). Three scenarios for Japan. The International Economy, 12(3), 35-39.

Nakicenovic, N., Kolp, P., Riahi, K., Kainuma, M., & Hanaoka, T. (2006). Assessment of emissions scenarios revisited. Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 7(3), 137-173.

Narayanan, V.K., & Fahey, L. (2006). Institutional evolution as an emerging focus in scenario planning. Futures, 38(8), 972-992.

Niewohner, J., Wiedemann, P., Karger, C., Schicktanz, S., & Tannert, C. (2005). Participatory prognostics in Germany---developing citizen scenarios for the relationship between biomedicine and the economy in 2014. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 72(2), 195-211.

Nore, P., & Osmundsen, T. (1988). Norway--the privileged corner of Europe? Three scenarios for Norway towards the year 2000. Futures, 20(5), 568-577.

Osmundsen, T. (1986). Scenarios for Norway year 2000. Futures, 18(4), 549-552.

Pagani, M. (2009). Roadmapping 3G mobile TV: Strategic thinking and scenario planning through repeated cross-impact handling. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 76(3), 382-395.

Palmer, M., & Schmid, G. (1976). Planning with scenarios: The banking world of 1985. Futures, 8(6), 472-484.

Partidario, P.J., & Vergraft, P.J. (2002). Planning of strategic innovation aimed at environmental sustainability: actor-networks, scenario acceptance and backcasting analysis with a polymeric coating chain. Futures, 34(9-10), 841-861.

Penna, G.D., Laurenzi, A.R., & Orefice, S. (2008). An XML based methodology to model and use scenarios in the software development process. International Journal of Software Engineering, 18(6), 823-852.

Pishvaee, M.S., Fathi, M., & Jolai, F. (2008). A fuzzy clustering-based method for scenario analysis in strategic planning: The case of an Asian Pharmaceutical company. Journal of Business Management, 39(3), 21-32.

Pollack-Johnson, B., & Liberatore, M.J. (2005). Project planning under uncertainty using scenario analysis. Project Management Institute, 36(1), 15-26.

Postma, T.J.B.M, & Liebl, F. (2005). How to improve scenario analysis as a strategic management tool? Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 72(2), 161-173.

Potter, S. & Roy, R. (2000). Using scenarios to identify innovation priorities in the UK Railway Industry. International Journal of Innovation Management, 4(2), 229-252.

Preston, P. & Cawley, A. (2008). Broadband development in the European Union to 2012—A virtuous circle scenario. Futures, 40(9), 812-821.

Rajaram, T. & Das, A. (2008). Water pollution by industrial effluents in India: Discharge scenarios and case for participatory ecosystem specific local regulation. Futures, 40(1), 56-69.

Rao, S., & Riahi, K. (2006). The role of non-CO2 greenhouse gases in climate change mitigation: Long-term scenarios for the 21st century. The Energy Journal, Special Issue, 177-200.

Ratcliffe, J. (2003). Scenario planning: An evaluation of practice. Futures Research Quarterly, 19(4), 5-25.

Reed, M.S., Arblaster, K., Bullock, C., Burton, R.J.F., Davies, A.L., Holden, J., Hubacek, K., May, R., Mitchley, J., Morris, J., Nainggolan, D., Potter, C., Quinn, C.H., Swales, V., & Thorp. S. (2009). Using scenarios to explore UK upland futures. Futures, 41(9), 619-630.

Remes, S. (1992). East European futures scenarios. Futures, March, 1992, 138-143.

Renn, O., Stegelmann, H.U., Albrecht, G., Kotte, U., & Peters, H.P. (1984). An empirical investigation of citizens’ preferences among four energy scenarios. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 26(1), 11-46.

Riahi, K., & Roehrl, R.A. (2000). Greenhouse gas emissions in a dynamics-as-usual scenario of economic and energy development. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 63(2-3), 175-205.

Rikkonen, P., & Tapio, P. (2009). Future prospects of alternative agro-based bioenergy use in Finland—Constructing scenarios with quantitative and qualitative Delphi data. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 76(7), 978-990.

Rodriguez-Rodriguez, R., Saiz, J.J.A., Bas, A.O., Carot, J.M., & Jabaloyes, J.M. (2010). Building internal business scenarios based on real data from a performance measurement system. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 77(1), 50-62.

Rojo, T. (1994). Scenarios for the industrialization of the western Mediterranean. Futures, 26(5), 467-489.

Rosegrant, M.W., Zhu, T., Msangi, S., & Sulser, T. (2008). Global scenarios for biofuels: Impacts and implications. Review of Agricultural Economics, 30(3), 495-505.

Roubelat, F. (2000). Scenario planning as a networking process. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 65(1), 99-112.

Roubelat, F. (2006). Scenarios to challenge strategic paradigms: Lessons from 2025. Futures, 38(5), 519-527.

Sager, B. (2001). Scenarios on the future of biotechnology. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 68(2), 109-129.

Sanborn, R., Santos, A., Montgomery, A.L., & Caruthers, J.B. (2005). Four scenarios for the future of education. The Futurist, 38(7), 26-30.

Sankovski, A., Barbour, W., & Pepper, W. (2000). Quantification of the IS99 emission scenario storylines using the atmospheric stabilization framework. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 63(2-3), 263-287.

Saxena, J.P., Sushil, & Vrat, P. (1992). Scenario building: A critical study of energy conservation in the Indian cement industry. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 41(2), 121-146.

Schnaars, S., & Ziamou, P. (2001). The essentials of scenario writing. Business Horizons, 44(4), 25-31.

Schreuder, R.F. (1995). Health scenarios and policy making: Lessons from the Netherlands. Futures, 27(9-10), 953-958.

Selin, C. (2006). Trust and the illusive force of scenarios. Futures, 38(1), 1-14.

Shearer, A.W. (2004). Applying Burke’s dramatic pentad to scenarios. Futures, 36(8), 823-835.

Shearer, A.W. (2005). Whether the weather: comments on ‘An abrupt climate change scenario and its implications for United States national security’. Futures, 37(6), 445-463.

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